This book includes Machiavelli's views on Italy's political structure and status during the Renaissance.
The author uses many real examples, of which Machiavelli had good knowledge and experience. In order to understand the book better and to find Machiavelli's reasons for writing The Prince, it is necessary to understand the life of an author and the period he lived in. Niccolo Machiavelli was born in the spring of During this time Italy had attained a high spot in the European community, however it would not last.
The Florentine's would not stand for this; they ousted the new ruler out of the city and founded the Florentine republic. Machiavelli soon started work as clerk under Adriani, head of the Second Chancery.
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Four years past by and in , Machiavelli became Chief Secretary of the Florentine Republic, and then later that year, he succeeded Adriani as head of the Second Chancery. On this position, Machiavelli gained a lot of knowledge, while he was participating in various diplomatic missions. He had learned a lot about politics and about the way, the state should be governed. This was the information that Machiavelli covered in his book.
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The first several chapters of The Prince explicate the four types of princedoms and the methods in which they are acquired. Chapter I states that all governments are either republics or princedoms.
From there, all princedoms are hereditary, mixed, new, or ecclesiastical. Then, Machiavelli goes on to say that hereditary princedoms are easily maintained, granted that the prince will not diverge from his ancestors policies. Mixed princedoms arise when hereditary princedoms acquire new territories. These princedoms are not as easily kept, for two reasons.
The Prince Niccolo Machiavelli - Words | Essay Example
The first is that the people will replace their leader if they feel it would better conditions. Machiavelli gives five defenses for this situation. The first and best is to reside in the new province. Secondly, a prince should set up colonies to serve as connections to the mother country. A prince should then become the chief defender of the less puissant adjacent territories. Then, he should weaken his more powerful neighbors.
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For no reason, should a prince allow any foreign power to enter the province. The second reason mixed princedoms are hard to maintain is a prince cannot satisfy the anticipations of those who helped him take over, and he does not want to use excessive actions because he requires the backing of the people.
The main thesis of the book is that The ends justify the means. Machiavelli feels that one should make whatever actions necessary in order to gain power.
The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli
The prince must select ministers who are completely devoted to him, and he, in return, must always reward his ministers with praise and wealth so that they remain devoted. When you see a minister who thinks more about his own interests than about yours … then you will be sure that such a man will never be a good minister. Like many writers during the Renaissance, Machiavelli was a student of history; this, tied to his fervent belief in an Italian nation-state, led him to hope that Lorenzo would use his advice to liberate Italy from its host of foreign invaders.
His paradigm of princehood was Prince Cesare Borgia. The influence of The Prince has been felt deeply, even in the twentieth century, as evidenced by the actions of such men as Hitler, Stalin, Lenin, and many other international statesmen. Political leaders Kennedy, Nixon, Reagan, Gordon Liddy, Oliver North, and countless other Presidential advisers , plus endless hordes of salesmen, advertisers and authors on managerial techniques all were ardent students of the book.
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